One translation says that he was a pincher of the sycamore tree blossom. Commentary on the book of amos by matthew henry old. The ancient hebrews called the book by its opening words, in the beginning. A comprehensive commentary of the book of amos together with references for further study from the general conferences of the church of jesus christ of latterday saints the encyclopedia of mormonism and other doctrinal texts by general authorities of the church written and compiled by. Amos used the funeral dirge meter to emotionally communicate gods coming judgment. You only have i know of all the families of the earth. The books chief concern, however, is not with physical origins, but with the relationship god desires to have with. Matthew henry 18 october 1662 22 june 1714 was an english commentator on the bible, who published his works in 1706, sixvolume exposition of the old and new testaments 17081710 or complete commentary, provides an exhaustive verse by verse study of the bible. Form, meter, and content powerfully drive home the message of judgment. The purpose of the book of amos was to announce gods holy judgment on the kingdom of israel the northern kingdom, call them to repentance, and to turn from their selfrighteous sins and idolatry.
Amos mission is directed to his neighbor to the north, israel. For this reason, this study guide commentary is designed to provide a brief introduction to each book of the bible. Hasel 1991, 26 noted that in the three decades from the 1960s through the 1980s, sixty different commentaries on amos appeared. Amos with book summary versebyverse bible commentary. Like all the commentators chosen for the hermenia series, paul is learned. The three main sections of amos are marked out by what is known as inclusio, which means that each begins and ends on the same note. The book of james a detailed commentary basic training bible ministries page 2 introduction to james background of the book the epistle of james is one.
Paul is an extremely sophisticated piece of scholarly work. The book of amos is the third of the twelve minor prophets in the tanakhold testament and the second in the greek septuagint tradition. Hebrew and english lexicon of the old testament by francis brown, s. The book of amos is one of the least understood in the holy scriptures. The imminent judgment of god over the neighbouring nations as well as israel. The first two chapters form the introduction to the whole book. Strijdom, reappraising the context of amos, ote 241 2011. It is technical and detailed almost beyond belief, but for those doing indepth study of amos, it is a must. The book of amos is not an easy work to read and understand. It is vital to recognise that such dating arguments are usually raised in. Amos amos is not a large book, only nine chapters consisting of 146 verses and 2,042 words. The book of amos is written in some of the finest ot hebrew style.
The book of amos was likely written between 760 and 753 b. First, the prophet amos was not a prophet in the same sense that the other prophets were prophets. Then said the lord, behold, i will set a plumb line in the midst of my people, israel amos 7. A book of practical counsel revis talking book and braille service teacherclassroom book order form oxford fourth edition english file students book and work book. A word list at the end explains words with a star by them. God raised up the prophet amos, as an act of his great mercy to a people who repeatedly shunned. Amos message mainly concerns the northern kingdom of israel but judah the southern kingdom is mentioned as well and also the neighbouring nations of israel their enemies. He prophesied in israel at the great cult center of bethel, from which he was finally expelled by the priest in charge of this royal sanctuary. The book of, one of the twelve minor prophets, is part of the christian old testament. It also accurately describes their content and form and reflects what is most distinctive about this genre as we. The words of amos, who was among the herdmen of tekoa, which he saw concerning israel in the days of uzziah king of judah, and in the days of jeroboam the son of joash king of israel, two years before the earthquake.
This book provides a detailed exploration of this theme and other important elements of the theology underlying the book of amos. The book of genesis those who gave the name genesis to the first book of the bible were the translators of the pentateuch. At the heart of this message is the covenant between yahweh and his people. This book provides a detailed exploration of this theme and other important elements of. Amos announces his prophetic work and the doom of the ungodly 1.
Unlike some of the prophetsjonah or hoseaamos doesnt tell a story that is easy to remember. The book of amos is the third in the hebrew canon known as the twelve minor prophets. The people have become greedy and have stopped following biblical values. Matthew henry 18 october 1662 22 june 1714 was an english commentator on the bible. He prophesied in israel at the great cult center of bethel, from which he was finally expelled by the priest in charge of this royal sanctuary 7.
A commentary on the book of amos, hermeneiaa critical and. Amos, whose name means burden, gives no family pedigree, hence we can assume he was not of noble or prominent stock, like isaiah or zephaniah. Pdf the understanding of the words to seek god and to live. In nations throughout the world, gods people are still being persecuted. The book of amos was written during the era of divided kingdoms of israel but in an age which is much prosperous than the previous times especially the northern kingdom of isreal with ruler jeroboam ii reached at such a level of growth and prosperity as was not seen after david and solomon.
Y doubleday, 1990 appeared too late for me to incorporate its exegetical insights into my work. Spck, 1960, xxi and adolphe lods, the prophets and the rise of. Commentary on the book of acts bible study lessons. Uzziah was king of judah, and jeroboam ii was king of israel. The theology of the book of amos in modern times, amos has come to be considered one of the most important prophets, mainly for his uncompromising message about social justice. Amos, an older contemporary of hosea and isaiah was active during the reign of jeroboam ii, making the book of amos the first biblical prophetic book written. Amos commentary matthew henry commentary on the whole. Even so, every act of persecution against gods beloved people, jew and gentile alike, is known to god and will be severely judged. He calls himself a shepherd and a cultivator of sycamorefig trees. The words of amos, who was among the herdsmen of tekoa, which he saw concerning israel in the. Proposes that describing the prophetic books as prophetic fictions not only draws together much previous consideration of these books. Niedner department of theology valparaiso university amos. See all of our coronavirus resources here toggle navigation.
Amos was a sheepbreeder and tender of sycamore trees. This book is an excellent aid to ones study of the prophet. Amos, an older contemporary of hosea and isaiah, was active c. The book of amos was written in a time when the people of israel have reached a low point in their devotion to jehovah, the god of israel. Amos prophesied during the reign of king uzziah of judah amos 1. The book of amos has come to us as a carefully edited piece of literature and there is no reason to doubt that amos was his own editor. This commentary has been through advanced theological checking.
Amos writings or sayings, collected into a separate book, begin a wonderful literary form known as the latter prophets isaiah malachi. This probably means that micah was a younger contemporary of hosea, amos, and isaiah. Find out what true worship looks like in the book of amos. It follows that this commentary, like all commentaries, was written by an uninspired, fallible human. The lord roars from zion what a way to begin a sermon. The book of amos is an intriguing scripture from a unique individual, amos, a shepherd and fig tree farmer dwelling in southern judah who is called by god to go to bethel and announce warnings of judgment to the northern kingdom of israel. This commentary is a product of several decades of research into and teaching of the book of amos. Unity critics of the book have tried to prove that it is the product of. The book of amos, which was named after the prophet amos, was placed third in the order of the twelve in the hebrew bible. Amos and hosea were coworkers and may even have gone on preaching tours through the land together, although hosea continued his work after amos passed from the scene. It is based on the german lexicon by william gesenius. Amos was a sheepbreeder of tekoa in judah, who delivered his oracles in the northern kingdom during the prosperous reign of jeroboam ii 786746 b. The introduction to the commentary by itself is 178 pages. Amos is a shepherd and a fruit picker from the judean village of tekoa when god calls him, even though he lacks an education or a priestly background.
Gods relationship with his people includes judging them in righteousness when they sin and restoring them in grace. In modern times amos has come to be considered one of the most important prophets, mainly for his uncompromising message about social justice. Reappraising the historical context of amos scielo sa. Constables notes on amos 7 message the book of amos is distinctive from the other prophetic books of the old testament in two respects. Top 5 commentaries on the book of amos ligonier ministries. He brings prophecies against neighbors of israel, mentioning names and places one can only recognize with the help of maps and reference books. Read amos commentary using matthew henry commentary on the whole bible complete. Judgments against the syrians, philistines, tyrians, edomites, and ammonites. Commentaries describe the area as somewhat rugged, rocky, and with sparse. Read and study amos, including book summary, with the versebyverse bible commentary.
Study the bible online using commentary on amos and more. Cripps, a critical and exegetical commentary on the book of amos. Pdf the prophetic voice of amos as a paradigm for christians in. Transcribed and edited by david sielaff, february 20. The words of amos, who was among the sheepherders from tekoa, which he envisioned in visions concerning israel in the days of uzziah king of judah, and in the days of jeroboam son of joash, king of israel, two years before the earthquake. Lexical there are several excellent lexicons available for ancient hebrew.
The sycamore tree in that region produced a low quality fig. An interdisciplinary journal of jewish studies, volume 12, number. The wealthy elite are becoming rich at the expense of others. Covenantal concerns are central to the yahwehs accusations e.1152 211 967 70 260 371 188 622 1082 831 1139 616 571 33 161 869 301 751 856 25 1313 114 425 802 413 235 1404 117 1537 2 398 253 980 723 617 299 1224 996 949 769 524 34 596 132 1076